About Baltimore, Maryland, United States.

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About Baltimore for Baltimore, Maryland and Area

When you want to know Baltimore, Maryland

Overview of Baltimore, Maryland, United States

Baltimore, Maryland, United States is the largest, independent city in the state. Baltimore is located in central Maryland at the head of the Patapsco River. It is approximately 40 miles northeast of Washington, D.C. Baltimore's total population has surpassed 637,455 residences. Baltimore was founded in 1729 and named after Lord Baltimore in the Irish House of the Lords. Lord Baltimore was a founding owner of the Maryland Colony. Baltimore was once an industrial town centered on steel processing, shipping, auto manufacturing and transportation. The city now has a prevailing service economy.

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  • Population: 637,455
  • Population Density: 7,889.3/mi²
  • Area: 92.07/mi²
  • Latitude: 39.283333
  • Longitude: -76.616667
  • Weather: See Forecast
  • Elevation: 33 feet
  • Time Zone: Eastern Standard Time
  • Language: English
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History of Baltimore, Maryland

The Maryland colonial General Assembly established the Port of Baltimore at Locust Point in 1706 for the purposed of tobacco trade. The Town of Baltimore was founded on July 30, 1729. It is named after Lord Baltimore, who was the first Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland. The name "Baltimore" is an Anglicization of Irish words meaning "Town of the Big House". Baltimore developed economically during the 18th century as a granary for sugar-producing settlements in the Caribbean. The profit from sugar encouraged the cultivation of cane and the importation of food. The shorter distance to the Port of Baltimore from the Caribbean, lessened the transportation time and reduced the spoilage of flour.

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Baltimore's Demographics

Baltimore's total population has surpassed 637,455 residences, making Baltimore one of the largest cities in the nation. The cultural diversity of Baltimore consists of 64.85% African American, 31.28% Caucasian and 1.53% Asian. There are smaller percentages of Hispanic, Latino and Native American. The city's population density was 7,889.3 people per square mile.

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Baltimore's Climate

Baltimore, Maryland's climate lies in a humid subtropical zone. The summer months are warm and hot when temperatures rise to the mid-80s. July is the warmest month with average temperatures reaching 91 degrees Fahrenheit. The winter months are cold when the temperatures drop to the 20's. Freezing rain and sleet commonly occur throughout the winter. January is the coldest month with low temperatures of 29 degrees Fahrenheit. Baltimore's annual precipitation is 43 inches. Baltimore is situated between two distinctive physical features that protect the city from extreme weather conditions and account for the relatively tempered seasons. These features are the Appalachian Mountains and the Delmarva Peninsula.

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Education in Baltimore, Maryland

The Baltimore City School System oversees the public schools in Baltimore, MD. There are over 12 public schools, 27 private schools, 13 parochial schools and over eight private colleges & universities. The Baltimore City College, Baltimore Polytechnic Institute, and Western High School combined have the hardest admissions policies of any public high school in Maryland.

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Transportation around Baltimore, Maryland

Baltimore and surrounding areas are served by the Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport. There are several interstate highways that travel through Baltimore, they include the following: I-75, I-83, I-95, I-395, I-695, I-895 and I-97. Baltimore's public transit is provided by the Maryland Transit Administration.

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Tourism and Attractions of Baltimore

Baltimore is widely known for its beautiful architecture and exhibits more than two centuries of work by architects such as, Benjamin Latrobe, John Russell Pope, Mies Van Der Rohe and I.M. Pei. The Baltimore Basilica (1806-1821) is a neoclassical design by Benjamin Latrobe. It is also the oldest Catholic Cathedral in the U.S. The Phoenix Shot Tower stands at 215 feet tall. It was the tallest building in the nation until the time of the Civil war. It was built without the use of exterior scaffolding. The Baltimore Symphony Orchestra is an internationally-renowned orchestra, which was founded in 1916. See more of Baltimore's charming attractions such as, the theatre, museums, local restaurants and nightclubs.

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Surrounding Communities

  • Baltimore
  • Alpha
  • Baldwin
  • Benson
  • Boring
  • Bradshaw
  • Butler
  • Carroll Highlands
  • Cedar Beach
  • Chase
  • Cockeysville
  • Columbia
  • Dundalk
  • Edgemere
  • Elkridge
  • Ellicott City
  • Elioak
  • Essex
  • Evergreen Park
  • Fallston
  • Font Hill
  • Font Hill Manor
  • Fort Howard
  • Fowblesburg
  • Glen Arm
  • Glen Burnie
  • Glencoe
  • Glydon
  • Granite
  • Green Haven
  • Guilford
  • Halethorpe
  • Harewood Park
  • Harwood Park
  • Hereford
  • Hunt Valley
  • Jacksonville
  • Johnsville
  • Kingsville
  • Long Green
  • Lutherville-Timorium
  • Magnolia
  • Maner
  • Marriotsville
  • Middle River
  • Mokton
  • Mount Hebron
  • Oakland
  • Ownings Mills
  • Parkville
  • Pasadena
  • Perry Hall
  • Phoenix
  • Pikesville
  • Pleasant Hills
  • Randallstown
  • Reisterstown
  • Ridgley Park
  • Riviera Beach
  • Rosedale
  • Severn
  • South Gate
  • Sunnybrook
  • Sparks
  • Sweet Air Hydes
  • Sykesville
  • Texas
  • Towson
  • Upper Fountain Crossroads
  • Wards Chapel
  • Waterloo
  • West Friendship
  • White Marsh
  • Woodlawn
  • Woodstock
  • Woodensburg
  • Worthington Valley

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Geography of Baltimore, Maryland

Baltimore is located in north-central Maryland on the Patapsco River. The river empties into the Chesapeake Bay. The city is also situated between the Piedmont Plateau and the Atlantic Coastal Plain. This divides Baltimore into "lower city" and "upper city". Baltimore, Maryland's total area is 92.1 square miles of which 80.8 square miles of it is land. 12.24 square miles of the area is made up of water.

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Baltimore's Government

Baltimore's municipal Democratic mayor is Sheila Dixon. Baltimore is an independent city and is not part of any county. Under Maryland law, Baltimore City is treated as a "county"-level entity. The United States Census Bureau uses counties as the fundamental measurement for presentation of statistical information in the U.S. and treats the city as a county equivalent for those purposes.

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Baltimore's Economy and Industry

Baltimore was once an industrial town centered on steel processing, shipping, auto manufacturing and transportation. The city now has a prevailing service economy. In the areas of Greater Baltimore, there are over six Fortune 500 companies. John Hopkins Hospital serves as a new biotechnology hub within the city.

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Baltimore's Culture and Significant Events

Baltimore is home to many professional (non-touring) and community theater groups. Theatres within the city include, Center Stage, Everyman Theatre and the Baltimore Theatre Festival. Community theaters in Baltimore include, Fells Point Community Theatre and the Arena Players. It is the nation's oldest operating African American community theater.

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Sports in Baltimore, Maryland

Oriole Park at Camden Yards is acknowledged as being the most beautiful baseball park in Major League Baseball. It has inspired many other cities to build their own versions of this Retro-Style Ballpark. Some professional sports teams for Baltimore include the following: the Baltimore Orioles (Major League Baseball since 1954), the Baltimore Ravens ( National Football League since 1996) and the Baltimore Blast (National Indoor Soccer League since 1998).

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Media of Baltimore

The Baltimore Sun is the city's local, daily newspaper. Baltimore is the 26th-largest television market and 21st-largest radio market in the U.S.

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